It was established in 1912 in memory of Russian soldiers who showed courage and steadfastness in battles near Vitebsk on July 13-15 and October 26, 1812.
Installed at the initiative of the Vitebsk Scientific Archival Commission with funds raised by residents of Vitebsk and the Vitebsk province.
Located in the square of the heroes of the Patriotic War of 1812 at the end of Sovetskaya Street. The project of I. Fomin, the work was led by the Vitebsk city architect T.V. Kibardin.
Description of the monument
The monument is a granite obelisk 26 meters high mounted on a rectangular pedestal and crowned with a bronze double-headed eagle on a ball. On the pedestal there is a plate with the inscription: "Immortal valor of the heroes of World War II, participants in the battles of Vitebsk on July 13, 14, 15 and October 26, 1812."
At the corners of the slab of the base of the monument are four cast-iron cannons, cast according to the samples of the mortars of the times of Peter I.
In connection with the 100th anniversary of the Patriotic War of 1812, the All-Russian competition for the development of a monument project in honor of the heroic battles of the Russian troops near Vitebsk was announced (one of a number of competitions held in Russia). The results of the competition were published in the magazine "Architect" in 1911. The project of architect I. A. Fomin was recognized as the best.
Previously, the monument was made of wood and installed in place, which allowed to identify shortcomings. The monument was erected on the square in front of the governor's palace, on which in 1812 Napoleon conducted a review of his army.
The monument was laid on October 26, 1911 and opened on December 6, 1912.
In the original project, a bronze eagle on a ball crowning a monument was missing. The eagle and the ball were cast at the A. Moron factory of bronze-foundry and galvanoplastic works in St. Petersburg. The main obelisk of the monument is made of red granite, for which I. A. Fomin drove in the gallery of Helsingfors (modern Helsinki). Polishing was done by a master from the village of Vassergelishki, Vitebsk province, A. A. Ivanov.
The magazine "Architect", 1911. The decision to hold a competition for the design of the monument to the Heroes of 1812
Monument to Patriarch Alexy II
This year, Orthodox Vitebsk was pleased with the long-awaited event. The opening took place on April 7, and on April 8, 2013, a monument to Patriarch Alexei II was consecrated. Divine Liturgy and consecration was conducted by Metropolitan of Minsk Filaret.
A lot was connected with the name of Patriarch Alexy II in Vitebsk. It was the Patriarch in 1998 who laid and consecrated the stone of the future Assumption Cathedral. More than 15 times, Alexy came to the land of Belarus.
The monument was created by sculptor Vladimir Slobodchikov. For three years he worked on the sculpture of the Patriarch, studied many of his photographs, since he did not see the Patriarch in person. The monument took 3 tons of bronze and 2 tons of granite. The height of the monument is 5 meters. Patriarch Alexy was a short man, but the greatness of his soul, the strength of his spirit gave the sculptor the idea to make a large monument that is striking. And the fact that the monument is located next to the Assumption Cathedral is also symbolic, because the opening of the temple is a great merit of Patriarch Alexy II.
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|Bus||Ost. "Soviet", Nos. 1, 2, 2a, 6, 11, 12, 15, 15a, 19, 25, 26, 26a, 30, 41, 42, 43, 106, 106a|
|Trolley bus||Ost. "Soviet", №№ 2, 4, 7, 8, 9|
|Route taxi||Ost. Sovetskaya, No. 15-t, 1-t, 42-t, 52-t, 53-t, 54-t, 64-t, 66-t, 6-t, 72-t, 73-t, 88-t|
Monument to the Heroes of the War of 1812 - the oldest in Vitebsk. It is located in the square of the same name, between the art center of Marc Chagall and the Vitebsk Zoo, on the banks of the Zapadnaya Dvina River. The monument was erected in 1912 in honor of the centennial of the victory on Napoleon. Among the mandatory requirements for the project were several points: simplicity, nobility and a quadrangular shape. The winner of the competition was the architect Ivan Fomin.
Funds for the construction of the monument were collected long and hard, and almost all the townspeople and many residents of the province made their contribution.
Stella, looking up, is crowned by a bronze eagle on a ball. Near the monument are cast-iron cannons, specially cast according to the sketches of Peter's mortars. Nearby is a small military cemetery. The square itself is well maintained and pleasant for walking.
You can get to it by getting off at the Sovetskaya stop, through which numerous buses, fixed-route taxis and trolleybuses run.
Photo and description
The monument to the heroes of the war of 1812 was erected in Vitebsk on the day of the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the victory in World War II at the initiative of the Vitebsk Scientific Archival Commission. Money for the monument was collected by residents of Vitebsk and Vitebsk province. The monument immortalized the immortal feat of the Belarusian people in the war against the Napoleonic army.
On the eve of the celebration, a contest for the best works was announced throughout the Russian Empire. Competitive works were published in the journal "Architect". In Vitebsk, the project was selected by I.A. Fomina. Before making a monument of stone, it was made of wood and installed in a designated place to see all the flaws.
The monument was erected in front of the governor's house - exactly where, in 1812, Napoleon held a review of his troops before making a fateful decision - to move to Moscow.
The 26-meter-high polished granite obelisk is crowned with a two-headed eagle sitting on a ball. The obelisk is mounted on a rectangular pedestal. The memorial plaque on the pedestal reads: "Immortal valor of the heroes of World War II, participants in the battles of Vitebsk on July 13, 14, 15 and October 26, 1812." Four cast-iron mortar guns are installed in the corners of the monument.
The red granite of the obelisk was mined in the galleries of Galsingfors (Helsinki) and specially delivered to Vitebsk, where it was processed by master A.A. Ivanov from the village of Vassergelishki, Vitebsk province.
The bronze eagle on the ball was made at the A. Moron factory of artistic bronze-foundry and galvanoplastic works in St. Petersburg.