Museums in Ashgabat


National Museum of Turkmen Carpet was created in Ashgabat, by decree of the president of the country, in 1993. The museum was opened in order to recreate and preserve the folk traditions of the Turkmen carpet weaving, as well as to popularize the handmade carpets of Turkmenistan.

The museum is intended to collect the best examples of carpet art, as well as to study, restore and further develop Turkmen hand-made carpet weaving. Currently, the museum has up to 8,000 different exhibits, the smallest piece of 0.01 square meters and the largest carpet in the world - 301 square meters, which was included in the Guinness Book of Records in 2003. The museum also has silk carpets woven by skilled craftsmen three to four centuries ago, which are being restored into completely new carpets. The Museum of Turkmen Carpet is one of the cultural centers of Turkmenistan. Also, in addition to all of the above, rare books are also stored in the museum, these are woven carpets and rugs.

The National Museum of Turkmen Carpet is not only involved in the exhibition of carpets, but it is also the country's largest restoration hall for old carpets.

Main National Museum of Turkmenistan

The main national museum of Turkmenistan is the largest museum in the whole country. The museum began its existence on November 12, 1998. The museum is paid, entry for local residents is available at a discount. Tuesday is considered the museum's official weekend.

The museum building is located on Archibal Avenue. It was built after the independence of Turkmenistan was proclaimed. The museum area is approximately 15 thousand square meters. km

In 2009, at the peak of the development and construction of modern entertainment centers and buildings in the country, it was decided to reconstruct the museum. The project was taken by the Turkish company Polymex. During the renovation of the museum, several new buildings were added to its building: the museum of local history and ethnography, as well as the museum of the president of Turkmenistan.

The museum contains about 115 thousand exhibits, which include monuments from the old Nisa and Ancient Merv. The museum also houses collections of ancient carpets, the rarest examples of national clothes and fabrics, household items, awards, weapons and products from precious metals.

The museum constantly has 7 galleries dedicated to the culture, ethnography, and history of all of Turkmenistan.

Monument Museum in memory of the victims of the 1948 Ashgabat earthquake

On October 6, 1948, uncontrolled elements claimed the lives of tens of thousands of Ashgabat residents. The memorial complex created on the initiative of Saparmurat Turkmenbashi at the foot of the Arch of Neutrality became the symbol of this memory.

Here, on a high pedestal, a multi-figured sculptural composition is installed: a mighty bull holding on its horns the crushed earth firmament, the bodies of the dead and a woman raising her son with a desperate movement of her hand over the ruins of the city. This is not only sorrow for the departed, but also hope, faith and the triumph of life facing future generations.

At the bottom of the memorial is an exposition dedicated to the tragic events of 1948. The main part of the exposition - about the earthquake and its consequences, as well as how the city was restored - is located in rooms that are located at different levels in the pedestal of the sculptural composition. An exhibition of sculptures dedicated to the tragedy of the city is open on the ground floor, and one of the halls is devoted to the theme of the revival of the capital.

Turkmen Carpet Museum

In the very center of Ashgabat, the National Museum of Turkmen Carpet is located. It is located near the State Joint-Stock Turkmenhaly and is the national museum of Turkmenistan.

The museum was created in 1993 on the basis of the Decree of the President of Turkmenistan, with the aim of capturing forever the traditions of Turkmen carpet weaving. Since then, Turkmenistan celebrates Turkmen Carpet Day every year. Of course, the center of the holiday was the only museum in the world with that name.

This cultural center has collected 2,000 carpets, which include rare exhibits. Here you can see the smallest carpet product for keys and a carpet of 301 square meters. m. called "Altyn Asyr", which is listed in the Guinness Book of Records, as the largest carpet in the world, made by hand. Interestingly, the carpet was created specifically for the decade of independence of Turkmenistan.

The museum restores old, skillfully woven carpets and holds exhibitions. It works every day, except weekends, from 10 to 18 hours.


In order to revive, preserve and creatively develop the traditions of Turkmen carpet weaving, by the Decree of the President of Turkmenistan dated March 20, 1993, the Museum of Turkmen Carpet was established in Ashgabat.

Turkmenistan Carpet Day is annually celebrated in Turkmenistan, the center of the holiday is traditionally the only Turkmen Carpet Museum in the world.


The architectural ensemble of the museum consists of the administrative building of the State Association “Turkmenkhaly” and the museum building, covering a total area of ​​13,400 m² (administrative building 8311, museum - 5089). The museum hosts international scientific forums and conferences.

The Museum of Turkmen Carpet is one of the cultural centers of Turkmenistan, which exhibits about 2,000 carpet exhibits, including rare ones. For example, the museum has the smallest carpet product designed to carry keys, as well as the world's largest handmade carpet with a total area of ​​301 m², which was woven in 2001, and in 2003 entered into the Guinness Book of Records.

The museum carries out restoration of old carpets, which is a difficult task - a square meter of some artfully woven old pieces contains up to 1,350,000 knots. The museum fund is constantly updated, its employees are searching and collecting old carpets.