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Pecs: sights and interesting places of the city

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The site contains the attractions of Pecs - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Pec, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Pecs.

Episcopal Palace

The Episcopal Palace is one of the main attractions of the city of Pecs. The palace was built in 1770.

The history of the palace goes back to the Middle Ages. Back in 1009, King Istvan in the city of Pecs founded a bishopric and built a cathedral, which in 1064 was destroyed by fire, but was soon reconstructed. In the XVI century, the cathedral was used by the Turkish invaders as a stable and warehouse. The building was almost destroyed during the siege of the city in 1664 and in 1686. It was restored only in the second half of the 18th century.

Today the Episcopal Palace is a museum. Having visited it, you can see the salon, waiting room, private chapel, private library, dining room, conference room and the Habsburg room.

Parish Church of the Stove

Parish Church Belvaros - one of the main attractions of the city of Pecs.

It is located in the building of the former 16th-century mosque of Gazi Qasim in Secheni Square. The mosque was built here in 1543 - 1546 by Pasha Kasim the Victorious. Earlier in this place was the parish Gothic church of St. Apostle Bartholomew. After the end of Turkish rule, in 1702, the minaret was demolished, and a tower was installed in its place. Despite the increase in the internal space of the building, its appearance, which has preserved the features of Islamic architecture, has largely remained unchanged.

Near the church there is a 13-meter bell tower, next to which is a statue of St. Bartholomew, created by the sculptor Sandor Retalfalvi.

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Hassan Mosque Jacob

The Hassan Yakov-Ali Mosque was built in the 16th century. This is one of the best preserved Hungarian mosques.

The mosque is located in the city of Pecs. After the expulsion of the Turkish conquerors in 1702-1732, the Christian chapel of St. John of Nepomuk was located in the mosque. In the following centuries, the mosque underwent several more changes. Its reconstruction as a monument began only in 1955.

The Hassan Yakov Ali Mosque has a square base and an octagonal dome. Inside, it is richly decorated with ornaments. The height of the minaret is 23 meters. Today, an art exhibition is located in the Hassan Yakov-ali mosque.

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Pecs Cathedral

The Pecs Cathedral, built in part of the two saints Peter and Paul, is located in the old part of the Hungarian city of Pecs on Dome Square. By order of the King of Hungary, Istvan I Saint, it was built in the XI century.

At first the structure was small and was a chapel of the early Christian end of the Roman period. Due to the fire, it was destroyed. In place of it began to build a cathedral, which over time underwent an architectural mixture of styles. At the end of the 19th century, the Cathedral nevertheless gained its appearance with the predominant neo-romanticism in the building.

The attraction of this cathedral is installed in one of the four towers, namely the western one of the largest bells in the country. It was made in 1819. The modern building of the Pecs Cathedral is adorned by the great Hungarian sculptors of the 19th century. The room has a unique organ, which consists of pipes, in the amount of 75 pieces. Ferenc Liszt loved to play on it.

Pasha Gazi Kashima Mosque

The building was erected on the site of the destroyed medieval church of St. Bertalan, the same stones were used for the construction. The Gazi Kashima Pasha Mosque has become one of the most beautiful and tallest buildings in the city. After the expulsion of the Turks, the mosque was given to the Jesuits, who at one time dismantled the minaret. From 1703 to 1766 the building was rebuilt more than once. Between 1939 and 1942, a semicircular building was added to the mosque from the north, which has been preserved to this day. The middle part of the minaret has been preserved in its original form; it is a quadrangle supporting the dome of the temple. Inside the church, fragments of Turkish decor and inscriptions from the great book of Islam, the Koran, have been preserved.

Romanesque cathedral Peter and Paul

Romanesque cathedral Peter and Paul is located in Pecs on Dome Square. It was built by order of the Hungarian king Istvan I Saint in the XI century.

At first it was a small early Christian chapel of the end of the Roman period. The temple was rebuilt many times, therefore, its architecture is characterized by a mixture of styles: it features features of romanticism, classicism and Gothic. After the reconstruction carried out at the end of the 19th century, the cathedral acquired its modern look. The predominant style of the cathedral architecture was neo-romanticism.

At the corners of the building are four towers. In the west tower of the cathedral is the largest bell in the country, made in 1819. The building is decorated with frescoes and sculptures created in the 19th century by Hungarian craftsmen. On the organ of the cathedral, consisting of 75 trumpets, Ferenc Liszt performed his masses.

Monastery of the Order of Pauline

The Order of the Paulines (St. Paul the Hermit) is a Catholic monastic order founded in the 13th century and named after Paul of Thebes, considered the first Christian hermit monk. The founder of the order was the blessed Hungarian Eusebius of Gran (now Esztergom), who united two communities: founded in 1215 by Bishop Pecs Bartholomew and a community of his own followers.

The construction of the Pauline Monastery in Ovens lasted from 1741 to 1756 according to the design of the monk Matthew Vepi. During its construction, stones of the destroyed Turkish mosque were used. The monastery church was originally consecrated in honor of the Holy Trinity. Two symmetrical towers decorated with green domes appeared a little later - in 1778-1779.

In the 18th century, Paulines were persecuted by the authorities of the Habsburg Empire, many monasteries were closed, including this one. The entire interior was taken out and divided between the other churches of the diocese.

In 1832, a lyceum school for religious education of students was opened in the monastery building. When in 1923 the university from Bratislava was transferred to Pecs, the monastery church became a university.

In 1930, the interior of the church was restored, the murals of the artist Ernest Gabor appeared in it.

Today, the high school is located in the monastery walls, and the church building was returned in 1997 to the Order of Pauline.

National Theater Pécs

Pecs National Theater is the most important center of theatrical culture of Hungary. Theatrical performances were staged in aristocratic houses, large halls of hotels since 1786. The city needed a theater building.

In 1840, the first theater was built in the city. But after 50 years, his building was demolished. It was decided by the city authorities to build a large building. After creating a special committee and holding a competition for the best project, the architects Antal Steinhardt and Antal Lang were identified. They developed a project in the neococo style, which was subsequently erected on one of the streets of Pecs. The grand opening took place on October 5, 1895.

The Pech National Theater underwent a lengthy reconstruction in 1986. It is worth noting that since 1960 a troupe has been working here, led by I. Ekka, known for his work. In 2010, the city of Pecs was elected the European Capital of Culture.

The most popular attractions in Pec with a description and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit the famous places of Pecs on our website.

Cathedral of St. Peter

One of the most famous attractions is St. Peter's Basilica, which welcomes tourists with large amazing wrought-iron gates.

The cathedral is famous for hosting the German Ferenc Liszt, who played the organ here. In honor of this great composer, his bust stands on the balcony of the Episcopal Palace, with his eyes covering the Cathedral of St. Peter.

Pasha Kasimov Mosque

The true symbol of the city of Pec is the Pasha Kasimov Mosque, or the mosque church, as the townspeople call it. Its history is quite interesting and fascinating, for the entire time of its existence, the church was ruled by both Christians and Muslims, periodically moving from one to the other.

To commemorate tolerance and tolerance, an Islamic crescent and a Catholic cross now rise above the mosque of Pasha Kasimov. The peculiarity of this building is that the church is located in the very center of the city, at a high point in the central section of Secheni.

Forest Railway

To entertain the kids in Hungary, you can take them for a ride on the forest railway in Pecs. Although there will certainly be fun and adults! These are inexplicable touching feelings of nostalgia and craving for trains, huge buzzing cars.

Mausoleum of Idris Baba

The city of Pecs is a unique architecture that will meet everyone who wants to enjoy it, having arrived in the center of Europe.

Here you can feel not only the traditions of Hungary, but also the eastern influence. This is an architectural monument, a tribute to the tragic period for all Hungarians, about the time when several regions of the country were in the hands of Turkish invaders.

University of Pecs

The oldest university in the city, built back in 1367, which at the very beginning served as the first scientific center in Central Europe, King Louis the Great.

In the city of Pec, a television tower with a total height of 176 meters was erected, it stands on a hill towering 535 meters above sea level. In order to fully enjoy all the possibilities of the amazing TV tower, at a height of 75 meters a panoramic observation deck has been constructed, which gives a 360-degree view.

At a lower level, all city guests and locals can enjoy gourmet dishes in a themed restaurant, which features an exciting dinosaur exhibition.

Vasareli Museum

In the Oven you can enjoy not only the monuments of antiquity, but also modern pop objects. So, city guests can see here the Hungarian art object of optical art - the Vasareli Museum.

This is a house with a story that tells about the most significant and fascinating stages of the artist’s life. Victor Vasarely. Each piece of interior, the exhibit tells about the various milestones of creativity and life of Vasarely.

Zholnai Culture Quarter

The city of Pecs is rightly called the "cultural capital"; not so long ago a program was carried out to renovate the dilapidated buildings of the plant Zsolnay. That is how the beautiful Zholnai quarter, enchanting with buildings and structures, appeared.

The unique, bewitching history of the Pec Zoo is one of the main legends for tourist routes, which every resident of the city is proud of.

On the wall next to the ticket offices you can see this fascinating story - the zoo was built in 1960-1961, the workers worked for 45 367 hours for free. Thanks to the dedicated work of ordinary workers, the opening took place on August 19, 1961.

Mausoleum of Zholna

The mausoleum of the founder of the Zholnai factory is located on the site where at the beginning of the 19th century there was a scaffold where Vilmosh Zholnai found his last refuge. The son of the founder of the plant decided to erect a mausoleum for his father on a hill, in a very symbolic place.

Terrarium Aquarium

The famous Hungarian creator Mihai Munkachi often came to the house, which now houses the terrarium aquarium. This is one of the most popular attractions in the city, made in the style of romanticism of the last century.

Chontwari Museum

This is a museum of a famous Hungarian artist. Tivadara Kostka Chontwari, who personified the avant-garde movement of the first half of the 20th century. His work took place most of the time in Budapest, but Tivadar Kostka Chontvari became the first Hungarian artist widely known in Europe.

Swords Gate

The gate of Mechek is the most beautiful and memorable place, an architectural structure that welcomes tourists in the Mechek park. To see the unforgettable beauty of the gates of Mechek, you need to move along Janos Hunyadi Street, and the stone arches will meet their guests on the right side of the road, right behind St. Paul’s Church.

Museum of Ceramics

Having visited the city of Pecs, you cannot pass by the Zsolnay Ceramics Museum, located in the house number 2 on Káptalan Street. Interestingly, the building was built back in 1324, and at that moment the first public library was opened there. But during the Turkish occupation, the house at 2 Káptalan was used as the residence of the Turkish imam.

Early Christian burial places

In the southern region of Pannonia, in the city of Pecs, there are Christian burial sites of the early years, which provide clear evidence that there were Christian communities in the 4th century. Today it is the early churches, chapels and the remains of the mausoleums.

A few words of history

Pecs is an ancient city of Hungary, about which disputes are still being held, which use various dialects and sounds. Pecs in Hungarian mean "five", and here you can not miss the clearly audible Slavic roots. They began to magnify the city in different languages ​​in honor of the name “five churches”.

During its history, the city amazingly withstood all the difficulties and historical vicissitudes. These are the Romans, and the settlement of the Celtic tribes, and many others who left their traces in the culture and architecture of the city.

Climate

The city is located 200 kilometers southwest of Budapest, 30 kilometers from the border with Croatia. The Pécs is connected to Budapest by the motorway (E73) and the railway. The train travel time from Budapest is 3 hours. Trains also go to large Hungarian cities, Vienna, Osijek and Sarajevo.

City transport is represented by a network of bus routes. From 1913 to 1960, tram routes operated in the city, but in 1960 the tram was abolished.

Near the city is located Pecs Pogan Airport. The airport opened in 2006 and became the fifth international airport in Hungary.

Climate edit |

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