Tonneipson Fortress


35 ° 12′35 ″ s w. 129 ° 05′31 ″ c. d. H G I O L
A country The Republic of Korea
LocationBusan, Tonnegu
StatusMonument of Busan Metropolitan City
Wikimedia Commons Media Files

Tonneipson (cor. 동래 읍성) - Joseon Dynasty fortress in Tonnegu, metropolitan city of Busan, Republic of Korea. It is part of the historic Tonne Park. It is currently a ruin.


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It is believed that the fortress was built around the 1st century. n e. For the first time, however, the fortress was mentioned in 1021, in the 12th year of the reign of King Hyunjon (English) Russian. from the Koryo dynasty due to the fact that this year its wall was repaired.

When the Japanese invaded Korea in 1592, the fortress became one of their first targets, along with the Pusanjinson fortress. During the Battle of Tonne, Mayor Tonne-boo Song Sanghyun, other high-ranking Korean dignitaries, and many ordinary Koreans died.

The wall was restored and expanded by the mayor of Tonne-bu Chun Onsop in 1713, while its perimeter increased to 5240 meters. She had 4 gates: Chihiru (eastern), Simsonna (western), Muuru (southern), and Unilla (northern). A lateral fortress was built above the southern gate, small defensive structures were erected above the other gates - the observation towers of Tonjande (eastern), Sojande (western) and Pukchande (northern), the northern gate, Insenmun gate and fortified walls.

The fortress was destroyed in 1910 by the Japanese, who methodically destroyed Korean defenses source not specified 2443 days . Restored in the postwar period.

Currently, within the walls of the fortress are several restored buildings. In 1972, that fortress was entered in the register of architectural monuments of the metropolitan city of Busan at number 5.

Photo and description

Tonneipson Fortress is located in Tonnegu Municipal District, the metropolitan city of Busan. Traditionally, in Korea, fortress walls were erected in each city in order to protect the city from invasion. It is believed that the Tonneipson fortress was built in the 1st century BC, during the Samkhan period, or, as it is also called, the period of the early Korean states: Mahan, Chinhan and Penkhan.

However, the first mention of the fortress dates back to 1021, when the walls of the fortress were restored, and this record was found in historical documents.

In 1592, since the Japanese invasion of Korea, the Tonneipson fortress, along with another fortress - Busanjinson, became the first target for the Japanese. In May 1592, a battle took place between Japanese and Korean forces for control of the Tonneipson fortress, which was called the Battle of Tonne. The forces were unequal, the Korean army fought bravely, but could not withstand the attack, and the fortress was occupied by the Japanese.

In 1713, the fortress was rebuilt and strengthened, its territory was expanded to 5240 m. There were four gates in the fortress, a side fortress was built over the southern gates, small defensive structures were also erected on three other gates.

In 1910, the fortress was destroyed by the Japanese. The fortress was restored in the postwar years. In 1972, this architectural monument was entered in the register of architectural monuments of Busan at number 5.