For some reason, the Crimean coast of many guests of the peninsula, who came from abroad and Russia, is associated exclusively with the Black Sea. But Crimea is washed by two seas. Rest on the Azov, for example, for certain categories of tourists is preferable to the Black Sea, and its economic importance is great.
Where is the Sea of Azov on the map
As the map shows, in the north it washes Ukraine - Mariupol, Berdyansk and Primorsk, in the west - Ukrainian Genichesk and Arabatka, in the south-west - Crimea, along with part of the Arabat spit and Schelkino, in the southeast - Taman Peninsula (Russia), in in the east - the Krasnodar Territory, in the northeast - the Rostov Region with the largest port in Taganrog. The Sea of Azov belongs to the basin of the Atlantic Ocean, although it is distant from it. The Don and Kuban rivers flow into it, as well as many small rivers.
Origin. Depths and sizes of the sea
The Sea of Azov (like the Black Sea, and a number of others) is the remnant of the ancient Tethys Ocean. Changes in the relief of the earth's surface due to the movement of tectonic plates and volcanism led to the retreat of water. As a result, Crimea rose from the bottom, and the oceanic formation turned into an accumulation of huge reservoirs.
The map of the surroundings does not allow us to understand this right away, but the Sea of Azov acts as a geographical record holder for several indicators. It is the smallest on the planet - it is twice as large in size as even the Aral Sea, acting as an ordinary salt lake. Azov is also the smallest - the average depth is less than 8 m, and the maximum is 13.5 m. Finally, it is more distant than others from the ocean, and for this reason is characterized by minimal salinity.
The origin of its name is not exactly established, and there are so many versions that you can get confused. Descriptions of the reservoir were already made by the ancient Greeks, and its first maps began to be compiled by the medieval colonizers of the Crimea - the Genoese.
The total area of the water surface of the sea is 37800 square meters. km, and the coastline is 1472 km. The bottom relief is almost flat, with two minor underwater ridges, almost half of the perimeter falls on a dive of less than 10 m. There are islands and braids here - there are a little less than 108 square meters. km We are talking about the Arabat Spit and the island of Tuzla with the same helmet, where the Crimean bridge now passes. Part is also called the shallow silty Gulf of Sivash, often referred to as the Rotten Sea.
The Kerch Strait connects the Sea of Azov with the Black Sea, making it an important transport route not only for Russia. Significant ports such as Ukrainian Mariupol and Russian Taganrog are located on the shore. Oil fields are being developed in the water area.
The Sea of Azov has low salinity due to the many rivers flowing into it. On average, this figure is 10 ppm, but the level is very heterogeneous - from almost complete desalination near the mouth of the Don to 11.5 units at the entrance to the Kerch Strait. It also varies significantly depending on the flow of river sources, and also due to the regulation of large rivers (construction of canals and power plants). In recent years, there has been a tendency to increase the salt content in water.
Due to the shallow water, the Sea of Azov quickly warms up, as, however, it cools down. The swimming season in it begins in May and lasts until mid-September, and in the high season the water temperature reaches +28 degrees. But in winter it often freezes, especially off the coast, which greatly complicates shipping. Summer weather here is usually sunny, moderately hot, but in winter there are quite severe storms, especially closer to the strait.
Flora and fauna of the Sea of Azov
The Sea of Azov is relatively poor in flora and fauna. In total, scientists count in it about 200 species of living organisms (for comparison, in the Black Sea, this figure is 1500, but it is still considered "lifeless"). However, among them there are numerous and important for humans, and small biological diversity sometimes turns into practical convenience.
So, algae are rare on the Azov beaches - there are simply relatively few of them in the sea. But fishermen (both professionals and amateurs) can find rich prey for themselves - hamsu, goby, flounder, sprat, sprat, herring, horse mackerel, mackerel and even such a rarity as sturgeon. At the mouth of the Don, even typically fresh-water fish are often found - crucian carp, pike. Fishing is one of the main activities of the local people.
Of the large fish in the Sea of Azov, there are Black Sea sharks of katrana. But in principle, salt is not enough for them here, and fearing huge cannibals is completely stupid - they will not swim to where the depth seems to them to be “toy”. There is also a dolphin, known as the "Azovka" or "porpoise". It is smaller than the Black Sea bottlenose dolphins.
In recent seasons, beach jellyfish began to appear en masse - transparent aurelia and bluish-violet cornerota. Scientists attribute the increase in their number to an increase in salinity. Only cornerot is poisonous, but it is not dangerous for human life.
The coast is mostly flat, the mountains begin only near the strait, to the south. Terrain landscape - steppe. Accordingly, vegetation is represented by steppe species. Wild Crimean Tulips are not uncommon in the Crimean Sea of Azov. There are a lot of cereal and spring flowering plants. The fauna is relatively poor, represented mainly by birds, rodents and insects. Poisonous snakes and spiders are found, and the second should be feared more - they are difficult to notice.
Russian tourists, as well as foreigners who value rest with a tent in uninhabited places, should take into account the features of nature - you will have to bring firewood, drink and a canopy for shade with you.
Crimea resorts on the Sea of Azov and beaches
On the Crimean coast of the Sea of Azov there are resorts recommended primarily for families with children. Here are the reasons for this:
- insignificant recess and gentle entrance, safe for toddlers not able to swim,
- high water temperature, eliminating the common cold,
- sandy edges, where it’s fun to play, and walking is good for health,
- favorable climate
- lack of noisy entertainment infrastructure and entertainment, ambiguous for children's perception.
On equipped beaches of the Sea of Azov, nudists and other representatives of alternative cultures rarely come across. They do not interfere with adults, but they are undesirable for relaxing with a child. Having a dubious reputation, the Kazantip festival has long moved from the coast of Azov. Beach activities are also more designed for children - slides, boats, bananas.
Adults will undoubtedly appreciate a vacation on the Sea of Azov. True, it is not suitable for lovers of social parties, not thinking of a vacation without noisy discos and "star" hotels - all this must be sought on the South Coast. The infrastructure of the resorts is rather modest, but the prices here are noticeably lower.
And the most important plus of the area is the huge area of beaches that have a couple of tens of meters in width and kilometers in length. The available number of local residents and vacationers is hopelessly not enough to turn these open spaces into a “cat rookery”. There are many wild beaches in the Sea of Azov, where you can stay with a tent away from everyone. In most cases, algae are not found even in untidy areas, with the exception of Yurkino.
It is sometimes possible to combine a normal beach holiday with mineral mud therapy or some water. For such a vacation, the village of Kurortnoye (near the salt lake Chokrak) and Arabatka are suitable. With a reasonable approach, mud treatments are also beneficial for children.
Where better to relax on the Sea of Azov? Especially known as resorts are the city of Shchelkino and villages on the shores of the Kazantip Bay (Pesochnoe, Novootradnoe, Zolotoe). There are other villages that are popular with holidaymakers - Kurortnoye, Yurkino, Semenovka, Kamenskoye. All of them are suitable for relaxing with children. Often, families choose Shchelkino, the Arabat Spit, or the Kazantip Bay.
Kerch is rarely considered as a resort city (although this opinion is not entirely true), and it can be considered Azov only with a stretch.
Substantive leisure and entertainment
Although the entertainment infrastructure near the Sea of Azov in Crimea is poorly developed, when compared with the Black, an active and inquisitive person will not be bored on vacation. The excursion program from the settlements of the coastline puts trips to Kerch in the first position, which is radically different from the proposals of other regions of Tauris (tourist agencies offer this direction infrequently there). It’s worth using it - the former Panticapaeum is an extremely interesting city, it has something to see.
The Sea of Azov should also be recommended to fishing enthusiasts. Sea fishing (usually from a boat or boat) is the most popular entertainment here, and the waters are rich in species of fish that willingly go even on simple bait. In some places she is caught from the shore. If one of the tourists does not have their own gear and watercraft, the Crimeans will be happy to provide him with everything they need for a modest reward, and even show a catchy place.
In recent years, the Azov region has begun to attract surfers of all stripes. We can recommend beginners to train here (it’s well known - the waves are less, the smaller the pond).
But what is problematic to do in Azov is scuba diving. Due to the sandy bottom, the water in it is cloudy and visibility is very limited. Therefore, divers here focus only in the Kerch area, where there are more stones. Near sandy beaches and spits, it’s almost impossible to make out anything in the kingdom of Neptune, and the bottom life is poor there.
Energetic, young vacationers often consider vacation on the Sea of Azov “boring”. They are wrong - fishing and surfing are just for sports people. But the glory of a children's resort went to this coast of Crimea not in vain. In conclusion - an interesting video review, enjoy your viewing!
Description of the boarding house "Crimean Azov Sea"
Pension "Crimean Priazovye" is a popular health resort with a modern diagnostic and treatment base, located on the southern shore of the Sea of Azov in a picturesque environmentally friendly place, in the immediate vicinity of the Kazantip State Nature Reserve.
"Crimean Priazovye" is perfect for families, families with children.
An excellent comfortable beach is within walking distance. Infrastructure includes a dining room, cafe, playground and games room, playgrounds for outdoor activities. Many treatment programs are offered, including the apitherapeutic complex (treatment with beekeeping products).
The boarding house is located on the Kerch Peninsula of Crimea, on the southern shore of the Sea of Azov in a picturesque, ecologically clean place, at the foot of the Kazantip State Nature Reserve, at a distance of 60 km from Feodosiya and 70 km from Kerch.
Distance from the sea: 50 m
Facilities and service
Sports and household equipment rental is offered. It offers vacationers a luggage room and a safe, access to Wi-Fi (in the halls on all floors). A parking lot is located next to the boarding house. On the territory there is a concert hall with 350 seats and a movie and video room with 100 seats. Free workshops are held for children, entertainment, animation, in the summer - weekly holidays on the beach. A wide selection of excursions is also offered allowing you to visit all Crimean iconic places, walking and horseback excursions to the Kazantip nature reserve.
Entertainment and sports
On the territory there are sports grounds (football, volleyball, basketball), there is a gym, large Russian billiards, pool, tennis tables, board games. Yoga classes are offered.
Indications for referral to treatment at the Crimean Priazovye boarding house are diseases of the broncho-pulmonary system, upper respiratory tract, genitourinary system, digestive organs, cardiovascular system, skin diseases, diseases of the female and male reproductive system. There is a developed medical treatment and prophylactic complex.
- Documentation : Passport, for children - birth certificate, certificate of epidemiological environment and certificate of vaccinations. To undergo treatment, a sanatorium-resort card or extract from the medical history, the conclusion of specialists on the disease profile is necessary.
- Duration of arrival: not limited.
- Water supply: round the clock.
- The nature of the functioning: from May to September
How to get there:
By plane to Simferopol, then by minibus No. 49 to the Tsentralny bus station (4 Kievskaya St.), then by bus to Shchelkino, then a fixed-route taxi or taxi to Mysovoye, or about 1.5 km on foot.
From the ferry "Port of Kerch" on a minibus to the bus station in Kerch, then by bus Kerch-Schelkino, then a fixed-route taxi or taxi to Mysovoye or on foot for about 1.5 km.
It is recommended to order a transfer from the airport of Simferopol.
Sights of the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Peninsula
Beautiful places and nature reserves of the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Peninsula
Archaeological reserves of the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Peninsula
Dungeons of Ancient Kimmerik
Monuments and obelisks of the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Peninsula
Temples, mosques and cathedrals of the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Peninsula
Unique structures of the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Peninsula
Museums and expositions of the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Peninsula
Priazovye and Kerch peninsula - archaeological coast
For two and a half thousand years, the Kerch Peninsula was the gateway to the Crimea - traders, travelers and warriors have long been crossing the narrow strait. Later, the famous Silk Road ran here: from the ancient Panticapaeum by sea, the wanderers went to distant and unknown lands in order to return with rich goods.
The peninsula also fulfills its historical role today - one of the main routes to the Crimea still passes through the Kerch Peninsula. Soon, the automobile and railway bridge will connect Crimea with the rest of Russia, which will significantly increase trade and transport links between the regions, entail the development of infrastructure and the creation of new jobs. The city of Kerch has very great prospects to become one of the main transport hubs of the Crimean peninsula and restore the former greatness of Panticapaeum.
Currently, passing the ferry crossing, tourists rush to immediately get to the South Bank and Sevastopol, unfairly depriving them of the vast lands stretching from the Kerch Peninsula. Meanwhile, this part of the Crimea is in many ways unique and inimitable.
Developed by the ancient Greeks, the land holds many secrets and mysteries. Appreciate the former power of the Bosporus Kingdom, standing on top of Mount Mithridates. The city of Panticapaeum during its heyday occupied an area of about 100 hectares and was one of the largest and richest ancient settlements. The rulers of the Bosporus left behind many monuments of funerary architecture, the most famous of which is the Royal Mound. The tomb of the king of the Spartokid dynasty is built according to the Egyptian model and resembles a pyramid in shape. Particularly impressive is the entrance to the burial chamber, which has the form of a cypress - a tree of the dead.
In addition to Panticapaeum, other ancient Greek settlements were located on the Kerch Peninsula, the ancient settlements of which can be seen today. The most popular among tourists are Mirmeky, Kitei and Nymphaeum. Unfortunately, only ruins remained from the ancient buildings, but thanks to the efforts of archaeologists, you can find out more about the life of local residents from the distant past.
From the recent past, the most vivid memories are connected with the Great Patriotic War. The Kerch Peninsula was one of the last strongholds of the Soviet army in Crimea. The defense of Adzhimushkaysky quarries lasted about 170 days. The enemy met fierce resistance, at the cost of thousands of lives, Soviet troops were able to stop the German advance and did not allow the Wehrmacht army to force the Kerch Strait. Today, a museum is located in the quarries, in which the life of the defense participants is preserved.
In addition to historical memorials, the region is rich in unique natural phenomena. One of the main local attractions - mud volcanoes is an amazing and unusually entertaining natural phenomenon. Mud volcanoes are miniature and relatively safe models of real stratovolcanoes: the principle of their existence is approximately the same. This miracle of nature will be especially attractive for children - there is no better way to tell the child about the eruption than to show it in reality. The largest such volcano, Jau-Tepe, has a height of about 60 m and, fortunately, is still silent. Active small volcanoes can easily be found in the vicinity of Kerch, there are several dozen of them on the peninsula.
To the north-west of the Kerch Peninsula, pristine virgin steppes are stretched, since 1974 almost 600 hectares have been declared a protected area. Here unique plants grow, familiar to solonetzic soils, some of them endemic, that is, they are not found anywhere else in the world. The steppes are especially beautiful in spring, when the entire space to the horizon is covered with a carpet of blooming wild tulips or poppies.
Salt lakes deserve special attention, of which there are many in this part of the Crimea. By autumn, the water in them acquires a pink-red hue, and large salt crystals form on the surface. The lakes look unusually beautiful in the evenings, when the landscape becomes truly Martian.
Of particular joy is the vacationers of the Sea of Azov. Due to its shallow depth, the water warms up here very quickly even in the early summer. In shallow water, you can safely relax with your children - shell-sandy beaches have gentle slopes, and the maximum depth in the coastal zone is no more than 2-3 meters.
The Sea of Azov and the Kerch Peninsula are different from the rest of Crimea, each part of which is unique and amazing in its own way. Do not drive along the highway, to your right and left - a centuries-old history and real wonders of nature!
Rooms and prices
Accommodation in the center
Beautiful sea view
only 80 meters to the coast
Tasty and hearty breakfasts
The Krymskoye Priazovye Hotel is located in the resort village of Shchelkino, on the eastern coast of Crimea. Here you can relax and heal, which is also a huge plus when choosing accommodation in Shchelkino.
The number of rooms is represented by block numbers, but despite the rather low cost, each of them has everything you need for a comfortable stay. Also, there are several superior rooms. The view from the windows opens onto the Sea of Azov.
Nearby is the pizzeria "Felicita".
Kerch Airport is 50 km away, and the train station is 48 km away.
Hotel Pension Crimean Priazovye, located in the city of Shchelkino at the address. Mysovoe, st. Andzhievsky, d. 39, is a popular object for accommodation among tourists from all over the world who come to Crimea.
Its attractiveness is not only that the cost of the hotel for 1 night is low, but it is also favorably located near transport interchanges, attractions and other popular places of unprecedented interest.
The city center is just 1.57 km away. For a visual representation of the location of the hotel Pension Crimean Azov, we recommend using an interactive map.
For those who are used to relaxing and combining this pleasant time with work, in the room Pension Crimean Priazovye there is round-the-clock Internet access Wi-Fi.
Also, the Hotel Pension Crimean Azov is known as Pansionat Krymskoe Priazove.
The Hotel Pension Crimean Priazovye, which has a high rating of guests, offers the following options and mandatory amenities for all residents: