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Georgetown City Hall

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Georgetown - The capital of the cooperative republic of Guyana is probably an unusual capital in all aspects. To begin with, it is worth pointing out that this is a former French colony that moved to Britain after the defeat of Napoleon. Secondly, today it is an independent country with a cooperative political system. Secondly, Georgetown is a city of three cultures of the past - French, Dutch and British. Finally, thirdly, Georgetown is a city in which there is no indigenous population, but half of the inhabitants are purebred Indians. So many unusual moments could not but leave a mark in the development of the city, which, incidentally, has something to look at.

One of the main attractions of the capital of Guyana is Siwall dam, which literally means "wall from the sea." This dam was erected by the Dutch in the 19th century and is now a functioning hydraulic engineering structure, which allows defending the city from floods and hurricanes, which often collapse on the coast of Guyana. It is noteworthy that the city itself is 2.5 meters below sea level, and if not for the dam, then Georgetown would have long been under water.

One of the main attractions of the city, which all tourists are required to visit, is St. George's Cathedral. Today, it is the tallest Anglican cathedral in the world, which is completely built of wood. The height of the building with a bell tower is about 40 meters. The cathedral is located right in the central part of the city on the main street of Nord Road. The interior of the church is fully consistent with all the canons and traditions of old England. Stained glass windows, sculptures, as well as benches and an altar, as if from the last century.

Another important place to visit tourists is georgetown promenade. In the current sense, it is a walking wide avenue where you can often meet people who run a sports jog or play dominoes. Speaking of dominoes! People here are simply obsessed with this game so much that they consider it to be their national one. During the day on the boardwalk there are many children with parents and elderly people, in the evening, couples in love gather for romantic walks here.

Another attraction is Public Building, which is nothing but the home of a meeting of the National Assembly of Guyana - Parliament. The building was built in the middle of the XIX century, however, to this day, architecture in the neoclassical style delights and delights the eye. On the first floors, as well as in the national library and archive, access for tourists is open almost without any restrictions.

There is a comfortable, shady park next to the church, in which anyone can relax - Company Part Garden. The history of its occurrence refers to the political confrontation of the local population with respect to the British authorities. For a long time, the Guyanese demanded independence, and, one fine day, they simply declared a boycott of Britain, and complete disobedience.

A little further from the city center is the oldest church in Guyana - Presbyterian Cathedral St. Andrew. The church has a pretty worn-out and aged look, but from this, its value only increases. In addition to everything, next to her is a monument to Queen Victoria herself, who was adored in all corners of the empire of Great Britain.

Remained in Georgetown and the trace from the Dutch who built this city under the name Stabrok. So, in particular, the Dutch love for everything Gothic eventually resulted in a wonderful building of the city municipality, which was built at the beginning of the XIX century. In general, Georgetown is somewhat reminiscent of a colonial past. There is little that has changed over the centuries, and, only buildings and monuments, speak of the great history that was happening here!

Photo and description

Georgetown City Hall (City Hall) is a nineteenth-century neo-Gothic building located on the corner of Regent Street and Republic Avenue. The construction was designed by the architect Ignatius Skoles in 1887, the construction was completed in June 1889. The building houses the offices of the mayor, city council and city engineer.

City Hall is often called the most picturesque building in Georgetown, as well as one of the best examples of Gothic architecture in the Caribbean. In 1995, the Government of Guyana proposed to add the city hall to the UNESCO World Heritage List, and to this day it has the status of a preliminary list.

The construction of the Town Hall in Georgetown was planned in 1854, after the formation of the city council. On November 22, 1886, the city leadership approved the proposals for the construction of an office of the city government, a committee was created led by the mayor to oversee the work and design of the building. Soon after, Mayor George Anderson Forshaw bought the site where the current building was built. The committee held a meeting on March 17, 1887, at which Cesar Castellani (architect of many famous buildings in Georgetown) joined him. They chose a project called “Damus Pitimuscu Wikissim” (Latin expression for “we give and we ask”) of the Rev. Ignatius Skoles - an architect who designed a number of churches in Europe. The contract for the construction of the building was transferred to Sprostons and Sons, a well-known woodworking company.

In December 1887, Governor Henry Turner Irving laid the foundation stone for the City Hall, as well as a glass jar containing original building plans and copies of leading British Guiana newspapers, a portrait of Queen Victoria and several coins. The city hall was completed in June 1889 and officially opened on July 1, 1889 by the governor. Archbishop of British Guiana William Pirke Austin then consecrated the building. In 1891, a fire brigade crew settled on the ground floor and stayed there until 1896.

Georgetown City Hall is an example of neo-Gothic architecture. The three-story rectangular building is built of wood, a complex mahogany staircase connects the first and second floors. The tower - one of the most visible features of the building - is crowned with a square pyramidal flat top with a spire and forged elements around the perimeter. The spire is surrounded by conical columns. In addition to the residence of the mayor and the City Council, the main city concert hall is located in the building.

Over the years, the building wore out, numerous appeals were written with requests for overhaul. In June 2011, Mayor Hamilton Green announced that $ 20 million would be allocated for the reconstruction of the building. $ 5 million was spent on the purchase and installation of new windows, and in 2012, the restoration project froze.

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Georgetown City

Georgetown - The capital of Guyana, the largest economic and transport center of the state. The Museum of Guyana is located in Georgetown, the exposition of which tells about the historical development of the city and country, starting from the era of colonial conquests. Georgetown has gone a long way from a piracy and slave trade center to an attractive colonial style city.

Natural conditions

Georgetown is located in the north-eastern part of Guyana, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, near the confluence of the Demerara River. Weather in the city is due to the influence of a humid subequatorial climate. Monthly average air temperatures fluctuate during the year within +26. +28 degrees. The average annual rainfall is about 2250 mm. The wet season is divided into two periods: the first lasts from mid-April to mid-August, the second - from mid-November to the end of January. Most precipitation falls in December. Due to the proximity of the city to the Atlantic coast, the relative humidity in Georgetown reaches a very high level (usually 75-80% in the afternoon and almost 90% in the early morning). Throughout the year, the city is exposed to northeast trade winds blowing in the Atlantic. The city is located in the savannah zone. In its boundaries, sections of the flora typical of the savannah have been preserved: acacia trees, small-leaved shrubs, and grassy grass plants.

Population, language, religion

The population of Georgetown, together with the suburbs, reaches more than 250 thousand people. This is almost a third of all residents of the country. Representatives of the main ethnic group living in the capital are descendants of Indian immigrants (about half of the city's inhabitants). Also here live Africans, Europeans (mainly immigrants from Portugal) and mulattos. There are almost no native inhabitants of the country - American Indians in the capital, since they mainly populate the inner regions of Guyana and lead a semi-nomadic lifestyle. The official language is English, and Hindi and Urdu are also common among certain segments of the population. More than half of the believing population of Georgetown are adherents of Christianity (Catholics and Protestants), the rest profess Hinduism and Islam.

The history of the city

Georgetown was founded in 1781 by Dutch colonists. Initially, it was called Stabruk (Tabrok), which is translated from Dutch as "a pond with still, standing water." In 1784, the city received the status of the administrative center of the Dutch colonial possessions in South America. At the beginning of the XIX century, during the hostilities between Holland and Great Britain, which broke out as a result of the struggle for colonial rule in the territory of Guyana, Georgetown was conquered by the British, who in 1812 gave the city its modern name ("George City", in honor of the British King George III). In 1812, a governor's residence was located in Georgetown. In 1831, after the unification of the English colonies of Berbis, Essexibo and Demerara, the newly formed territory became known as British Guiana, and the city of Georgetown was declared its capital. The British colonists paid much attention to the improvement of the city, the laying of roads, the expansion of the area of ​​cultivated plantations in the vicinity of Georgetown. After the abolition of slavery in the 1830s. seagoing ships with hired workers from India and several other countries of Europe, Asia and Africa began to arrive at Georgetown port. In the 1840s Workers from Portugal began to move to the city, mainly from the island of Madeira, as well as from China.

Subsequently, among the immigrants who settled in Georgetown, a whole class of skilled workers and businessmen was formed, who made a significant contribution to the economic and political development of the city and contributed to many reforms in its economic and social life. In the 1920s. years in Georgetown, the construction of modern reinforced concrete buildings began, they are concentrated mainly in the business part of the city. In other areas of Georgetown, mainly wooden one-story buildings were erected, which were located on high brick supports. In the 1930s the city intensified the struggle of workers for economic transformation. In Georgetown, strikes of workers at local enterprises became more frequent. In the late 1940s - early 1960s. among the metropolitan population intensified the liberation movement against British colonial rule in Guyana. The mass demonstrations of the working people of Georgetown, expressing dissatisfaction with the policy of the British authorities, were observed in 1962-1964. As a result of popular unrest, the British government was forced to satisfy part of the demands made by residents of Georgetown and other cities (for example, the expansion of voting rights and the terms of reference of local authorities), which led to some democratic changes in the political life of the whole country. In May 1966, with the independence of the state of Guyana, Georgetown was officially recognized as its capital.

In 1970, after the transformation of Guyana into the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, Georgetown received the status of a capital city. It housed the government residence, the country's parliament and all its state administrative bodies. In the 1970-1980s. the economic development of the capital was undergoing a crisis caused by a significant reduction in sugar and bauxite prices (the country's main export products exported mainly from the georgetown seaport). Workers went on strike again in the city, a certain instability of political power was noted, caused by the aggravated struggle of representatives of various party groups. Attracting foreign investment in order to improve the economy of the country as a whole and its capital in particular made it possible to somewhat stabilize the economic life of the city in the 1990s. The reorientation to a market economy and the democratization of society ensured an increase in the productivity of Georgetown enterprises and the further development of trade relations with other states.

The architectural appearance of Georgetown is a clear rectangular network of streets decorated with verdure of gardens and parks. The main cultural and historical monuments of the city are the world's largest wooden Anglican Cathedral, built in 1892, and the Catholic Cathedral, built of reinforced concrete slabs in 1913-1914. Of particular interest are the buildings of the National Assembly and the government residence, which were built in 1839-1844. In the 1880s in Georgetown, a courthouse and city hall were built, which are now architectural monuments. The capital is home to the Museum of Guyana, whose exposition tells about the historical development of the city, and the country since the era of colonial conquest. Georgetown also has the Guild Tietr Theater. Among the leading higher educational institutions of Georgetown is the University of Guyana (founded in 1963), in which students are taught at the medical, law faculties, faculties of art, social and natural sciences. There are also a technical institute, teacher training and agricultural colleges, Carnegie School of Economics, Guyana Center for Industrial Training and other educational institutions. The country's largest collection of books and other print publications is kept at the Guyana Public Library. In the vicinity of the capital is the Kayetur National Geographic Park, which preserved many species of representatives of the tropical flora and fauna. Directly within the city is a large botanical garden.At 41 kilometers from the city is Georgetown International Airport, which allows you to constantly maintain air links with cities: Toronto, New York, Miami, London, Paramaribo.

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