Yalta is considered the recognized resort capital of Crimea. The city is located on the South Bank - the most picturesque place of the peninsula. Here, the largest number of sunny days per year, the most beautiful natural landscapes and the most healing air on the entire coast.
Big Yalta has a unique charm of a noble era of the XIX century. On all sides it is surrounded by palaces, along the promenade lined with classic mansions with columns, city streets are buried in a unique coniferous aroma of cypress avenues.
In Soviet times, Yalta was the most prestigious resort of Crimea, and now the city is confidently regaining this title. The tourist is waiting for comfortable beaches and lively promenades, romantic summer verandas and modern comfortable hotels.
What to see and where to go in Yalta?
The most interesting and beautiful places for walking. Photos and a brief description.
1. Swallow's Nest
A stylized “knight's” castle on the edge of the sheer Aurora rock. It is a long-rooted symbol of the Crimea, its advertising card and business card. The swallow’s nest was built by order of Baron von Stegel at the beginning of the 20th century. He wanted his new home to look like German castles. But the events of the 1917 Revolution, as well as the 1927 earthquake, played their part - the castle was used for other purposes for a long time, and then stood abandoned. In 2015, the building received the status of a federal monument.
2. Livadia Palace
The white marble palace of the early XX century, which served as the summer residence of the royal family. The building is surrounded by a landscape park, from where the famous Royal Trail begins. The imperial residence was located here in the middle of the XIX century, but the building of the Livadia Palace appeared after the trip of Nicholas II to Italy. The king, inspired by Italian villas, wished to have something similar in his homeland.
3. Dulber Palace
The magnificent Moorish-style palace complex, in perfect harmony with the surroundings. “Dulber” in translation from Arabic means “beautiful”. The palace belonged to Grand Duke Peter Romanov. It was built by the architect N. Krasnov, who also worked on the Livadia Palace and on the project for the restoration of the Bakhchisarai Palace. After the revolution, Dulber was used as a prison for members of the royal family.
4. Palace (cottage) Kichkine
The former estate of Velikov, Prince Dmitry Romanov, grandson of Emperor Nicholas I. The building was erected according to the design of the Tarasov brothers (one of the brothers at that time was considered the architect of Yalta). As a private estate, Kichkine lasted only a few years, after 1917 the whole area was nationalized by the Bolsheviks. In Soviet times, the sanatorium was located on the territory of the palace.
5. Gaspra Palace
One of the most beautiful palaces of the Southern Coast of Crimea, built in the style of European romanticism with Gothic elements. Until the second half of the XIX century, these lands with the estate belonged to the Golitsyn princely family, later the ownership went to Countess Sofya Panina. She closely engaged in the restructuring and expansion of the palace. After restoration, the property was leased as a summer residence.
6. Massandra Palace
The palace in the French style of the era of Louis XIII, originally owned by Count Vorontsov. But the Field Marshal never lived to see the end of construction. The building remained unfinished until the time when Emperor Alexander III paid attention to it. By the will of the ruler, the palace was completed according to the original plan with small additions made by the architect M. Messmacher.
7. Yusupov Palace
Crimean residence of Prince F. Yusupov. The building was built at the beginning of the XX century. After the nationalization of the property of aristocratic families in the 20s. this place became quite closed - the chief security officer Felix Dzerzhinsky and other representatives of the ruling elite of the USSR were resting here. The Union collapsed, the palace was transferred to the administration of the President of Ukraine, and after March 2014, to the administration of the Russian President.
8. Vorontsov Palace
Located near the village of Alupka at the foot of the peak of Ai-Petri. The palace served as the main residence of the Governor General of Count M. Vorontsov. The project was developed by the English architect Blor, who had a hand in the construction of the London Buckingham Palace. Blor was never in Crimea and worked on the plan remotely, but his creation very successfully fit into the Crimean landscape.
9. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
The main Orthodox church of Yalta, one of the main city attractions. It opened at the beginning of the 20th century and became a real decoration of the summer capital of the Russian Empire (the so-called Yalta in those days). The cathedral is named after Prince Alexander Nevsky and is dedicated to the memory of the murdered emperor Alexander III. Inside the temple is painted in the Byzantine style, the external facade is made in the traditional "Moscow" temple style of the XVII-XVIII centuries.
10. Foros Church
The temple, standing on the edge of sheer Red Rock near the village of Foros. It was built in honor of the miraculous rescue of Alexander III and his family during the train crash. After the Bolsheviks came to power, the church was closed, from there all more or less valuable property was taken out. Until 1969, a restaurant worked on the territory. Over the next 30 years, the building was empty and destroyed, only in 1992 the Ukrainian government was engaged in its restoration.
11. Armenian church
The temple of the Armenian church of the beginning of the XX century, built according to the project of G. Ter-Mikelyan at the expense of magnate P. Ter-Ghukasyan. He managed to avoid the unrest of the post-revolutionary time, but still the facade was damaged during the Second World War 1941-1945. Despite the fact that throughout the country the temples continued to collapse and close, a complete reconstruction was carried out here. The temple was rebuilt by 1988.
12. Roffe Baths
A historical monument of the XIX century on the Yalta embankment. Previously, the hotel "France" was located here and the baths were part of it. Regular visitors to the baths were A. Chekhov, I. Bunin, F. Chaliapin. In front of the building is the sculptural group Chekhov and the Lady with the Dog, 2004. The modern monument dedicated to the writer, very harmoniously fit into the general ensemble of the Yalta embankment.
13. Chekhov House-Museum
A.P. Chekhov has lived in Yalta since 1898. He acquired a plot of land, and literally in a year a house was built for the writer, which was called "White". Here he created many of his famous works. Among them - "Cherry Orchard", "Three Sisters", "Lady with a Dog". After the death of the writer, the house was almost immediately open for visits. In 1927, the building was badly damaged by an earthquake.
14. Museum "Glade of Tales"
The museum where the characters of cartoons and fairy tales "live". The main part of the exposition was created in the 70-80s. years XX century, however, there are modern characters. The territory is divided into several zones: fairy tales of Russia and Ukraine, Pushkin glade, fairy tales of Europe and America, fairy tale forest, Slavic settlement. It is best to come to this place with children - small tourists will be delighted with their favorite characters.
15. Yalta Zoo "Fairy Tale"
Private zoo, which was founded in the 90s. XX century. Despite such a young age, it is very popular with guests of the Crimea and its inhabitants. Here live bears, lions, tigers and leopards, panther, camels, ostriches, peacocks and other animal species. Domestic goats, sheep, dwarf pigs and ponies live in a separate area called “Grandma’s Yard”.
16. Yalta crocodile aquarium
The place where the largest population of crocodiles in Russia and Ukraine is kept. Crocodilearium arose due to the fact that in 2009, several dozen Nile crocodiles were born in the Alushta Zoo, and there was nowhere to put them. Then the idea came up to create a separate zoo for them. Several types of crocodiles live in the Yalta crocodilyarium: African, Cuban, Pacific crocodiles, as well as smooth-faced caimans.
17. The winery "Massandra"
The enterprise was founded at the end of the 19th century by Prince Lev Golitsyn, who remained in history as the main Crimean winemaker. Massandra was the first Russian winery. In its cellars several hundred thousand bottles are stored. The winery has its own vineyards and three factories that produce high-quality varieties of grape drink. Under the brand name “Massandra” dry, dessert, semi-sweet and strong wines are produced.
18. Mount Ai-Petri
During the reign of the Greeks in Crimea on the top of Ai-Petri was the monastery of St. Peter. From there came the name of the mountain. Ai-Petri is the most picturesque and most visited mountain in the Crimea. A cableway about 3 km long leads to the peak from the village of Miskhor. It was launched in 1988. A cable car ride is a popular tourist attraction. In the high season, long lines of people wishing to climb Ai-Petri line up at the entrance.
19. Cableway "Yalta - Gorka"
The old Yalta cableway with a length of about 600 meters. The path along it takes no more than 12 minutes. From the cabins of this cableway you can look at Yalta from above. At the terminal station is an observation deck and cafe. The path runs between the narrow city streets, so it seems that some windows can be reached by hand. The cable car "Yalta-Gorka" has been operating for several decades.
20. Seaside park them. Gagarina
The landscape park of the middle of the XX century. It occupies a very picturesque territory on the coastal slopes of Yalta. The park houses hotels, former and existing sanatoriums, a medical resort. The natural diversity of the park is about 100 species of trees and shrubs. Here you can stroll among cypress alleys and pine groves. On the lawns of the park, fragrant roses bloom until the first winter cold.
21. Embankment of Yalta
Equipped coastal territory with a length of about 1000 meters. There are restaurants, summer verandas, shops, attractions, pleasure boats are on the pier. As in any southern city, the embankment is the center and core of resort life. In the summer months, traffic does not stop here even for a minute - tourists leisurely stroll, music sounds from the cafe, tour guides advertise their services and invite guests to take boat trips.
22. Nikitinsky Botanical Garden
The garden was founded at the beginning of the 19th century; it is one of the oldest research centers for flora research in Russia. A rich plant gene pool is stored and reproduced here - several thousand species of fruit trees, ornamental shrubs, herbs, flowers. This diversity was preserved as a result of the painstaking work of scientists of the Nikitinsky Botanical Garden for two centuries.
23. The Royal (Solar) trail
A 6.7 km long hiking trail that runs from the Livadia Palace to Cape Ai-Todor in the village of Gaspra. It is a wide path along the rocky coast among pine groves. There are several viewing platforms on the trail with a beautiful view of the Black Sea. The royal path was arranged at the very beginning of the 20th century. The imperial family used it for walks. Nicholas II often went here, pondering the fate of Russia.
24. Wuchang-Su Waterfall
From the Crimean Tatar language, "Uchan-Su" is translated as "flying water." The waterfall is located in the vicinity of Yalta. The height of the water jets is about 100 meters. Wuchang-Su is a rather powerful water stream that thunders with such force that it can be heard hundreds of meters around, all other sounds are buried in the rumble of rapids. In the spring months after snowmelt or after heavy rains, the waterfall gains its maximum strength.
25. Yalta lighthouse
The lighthouse was built in the XIX century on the site of the former signal tower. The construction has always played an important role for shipping, as it was a guideline for ships. The lighthouse still meets ships with signal lights, preventing them from colliding with each other or breaking into concrete ledges of the embankment. Nowadays, the lighthouse tower is listed as a historical monument.