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The Aapravasi Ghat building is located in Port Louis, the capital of Mauritius. It was the first British immigration center for labor migrants from British India.
This is a complex of buildings with an area of 1640 m2, built by decision of the British government in 1834. The name means "immigration terminal" in translation from Hindi.
From 1849 to 1923, about half a million Indian wage laborers passed through Aapravasi Ghat, from which they then went to work on plantations throughout the British Empire. As a result of such a large immigration - at present, more than half of the country's population has Indian roots. Aapravasi Ghat has thus become an important starting point in the formation of the historical and cultural identity of Mauritius itself.
In those days, Aapravasi Ghat had a well-developed infrastructure. Now you can see only three dilapidated stone buildings - the remains of the gate, the hospital complex and office space, which are protected as a national monument and in 2006 were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. To date, the territory of the complex is managed by a special trust fund, work is underway to restore dilapidated buildings with their appearance in the 1860s.
Photo and description
Port Louis has a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This is not a magnificent mansion or temple, not a palace, theater or sculpture group. Aapravasi Ghat is a checkpoint for immigrants from India arriving in Mauritius to work on sugarcane plantations.
More than four hundred thousand civilian workers were carried through Aapravasi-Ghat from 1849 to 1923. and sent to different parts of the British Empire for hard work as part of a program to replace slave labor with free labor. It is difficult to say how one differed from the other, judging by the constantly rising uprisings of hungry and deprived “free workers”. After the “quarantine” in the immigration terminal of Mauritius, men, women, children were transported to East and South Africa, Australia, and the Caribbean.
The labor migration of the healthy population of India has led to the formation of a significant diaspora of this people in the former English colonies. The composition of the population of Mauritius by 68% is the descendants of the first migrants, this can be seen in architecture, local and religious traditions, national cuisine, religious cults.
The time of the labor experiment was the heyday of Aapravasi-Ghat, the complex had a good infrastructure. When the terminal was no longer needed, it was simply abandoned. The development of the city did not have a positive effect on the historical monument. Today the entrance to the territory is free, you can see the partially preserved gate, the colonial-style courtyard, the building of the hospital, and the offices of officials.
Since 2006, the ruins of the complex received the status of a National Monument, are protected by UNESCO, restoration work is underway.
Seven-color sands of Chamarel
Photo 1. Seven-color sands of Chamarel.
One of the main attractions of the island, of course, is the seven-colored sands and the beautiful Chamarel waterfall. This place is located in a mountainous area in the south-west of Mauritius near the village of Chamarel.
Photo 2. Waterfall Chamarel.
Chamarel Falls formed by the Saint-Denis River, has a height of 83 meters and is surrounded by lush vegetation. You can admire the waterfall from the observation deck at the entrance to the Seven-Sands Sands geo-park or go down the path to the foot of the waterfall.
Pamplmus Botanical Garden (Pamplemousses)
Photo 3. Giant water lilies in the botanical garden.
One of the most famous places on the island is the Pamplemus Botanical Garden, which is located in the place of the same name. The history of the garden begins in 1736. A large number of rare and exotic plants grow in the garden.
Photo 4. Underwater waterfall in Mauritius.
The underwater waterfall is located in the Le Morne Peninsula. This spectacular sight is an optical illusion of nature. Streams similar to a waterfall are not falling water. In fact, this is sand from the beaches, washed by currents into the ocean. The waterfall is visible only from above, those who wish to visit this extraordinary place can book a helicopter tour.
Mount Peter Bot (Pieter Both)
Photo 5. Mount Peter Bot.
Mount Pieter Both is the second highest in Mauritius. The mountain got its name in honor of the first governor general of the Dutch East Indies. The top stands out in an unusual shape. The boulder at the top has a diameter of about nine meters and is equipped with metal brackets, which you can climb up. The image of Peter Bot Mountain is on the tourist logo of the island. You will definitely see her if you go from the airport to the north of the island.
Surf Island (Ile aux Cerfs)
Photo 6. Island Surf.
One of the main attractions in the east of Mauritius is Ile aux Cerfs - a small island 10 minutes by boat from a fishing village Trou d'eau douce. The island has bars, a restaurant, shops offering beachwear and souvenirs, a golf course and all kinds of water activities. But the main attraction of the island is its pristine white beaches and emerald waters.
The extinct volcano Trou aux Surfs (Trou aux Cerfs)
Photo 8. Crater of the volcano Tru-au-Surfs.
Trou aux Cerfs is a crater of an extinct volcano located in the Kurpip area. The diameter of the crater is 300 meters and the depth is 85 meters. There is a small lake inside the crater, and a spectacular view of the island opens from the observation deck.
Grand Bassin Lake
Photo 9. Sacred for Hindus Lake Gran Bassin.
Sacred for Indians, the Grand Bassin or Ganga Talao Lake is located at an altitude of 550 meters above sea level. During Hindu holidays, thousands of pilgrims from all over Mauritius flock to the lake. Gigantic eels live in the lake, which can be dangerous for people.
Blue Penny Museum
Photo 10. Museum and brand of Blue Penny.
The museum is dedicated to one of the rarest stamps in the world - Blue Mauritius, which was released on the island in September 1847 with an error. Instead of "Post Paid" on the stamp printed "Post Office". The circulation was destroyed, only a few copies remained.
Photo 11. Hospital block in the distribution center of Aapravasi Ghat.
Aapravasi Ghat is a World Heritage Site located in Port Louis on the Fanfaron Bay promenade next to the market. This historic site served as a distribution point for immigrants brought to the island by the British colonial government. Between 1834 and 1920, about half a million immigrants, mainly from India, some from China and East Africa arrived in Mauritius to work on sugar plantations.
Photo 13. View of Port Louis from Fort Adelaide.
The fort is located on a hill above Port Louis and is also known as the Citadel. The fort was conceived to protect the port from invasion from the sea and to suppress possible uprisings of the population. However, after completion of construction in 1840, it was never used for military purposes. The fort received its name in honor of Adelaide, wife of King William IV of England. The fort offers magnificent views of the capital of Mauritius.
Photo 14. Evening view of the Caudan promenade.
Caudan Waterfront Promenade. There is a shopping center on Port Louis Promenade with many restaurants, cafes, bars, a cinema, duty-free shops and a casino.
Port Louis Central Market
Photo 15. Market Port Louis.
The central market in Port Louis is a colorful place where you can take great photos, buy fresh local produce and grab a bite to eat at one of the diners offering street food. Also on the market they sell fabrics, souvenirs, etc.
Tamil Kailasson Temple
Photo 16. Tamil Temple of Kailasson.
Tamil Kaylasson Temple (Shri Sockalingum Meenatchee Ammen Kovil), located on the northern outskirts of Port Louis. The temple is dedicated to the god Shiva and is one of the most impressive temples on the island. Masters were specially brought from India to build the temple. Construction began in 1854 and ended in 1868.
Colonial estate Eureka
Photo 17. The estate of Eureka.
The Eureka House was built in 1830 by a prosperous Mauritian family. This is one of the few colonial houses left in Mauritius. Currently, the house is a museum. Eureka is also called 109 door home. In addition to the museum, you can visit the restaurant and stay overnight at the guest house.
Rum Factory La Rhumerie de Chamarel
Photo 18. Rum factory Chamarel.
Not far from the village of Chamarel is the most famous La Rhumerie de Chamarel rum factory in Mauritius. It offers factory tours, Roma tasting, a L'Alchimiste shop and restaurant.
Church in Cap Malheureux
Photo 19. Church of Cap Maleroyo.
One of the most famous churches in Mauritius is the Notre Dame Auxiliatrich chapel, a Roman Catholic church known for its many photographs with its bright red roof against a turquoise sea and azure sky.
Photo 20. Safari in the Kazela park.
Kazela Park is located in the west of the island and covers an area of 14 hectares. This is a great place to spend leisure time outside the hotel. Tourists are offered zipline riding, canyoning, Viaferatta, visits to the zoo and farms, wild animal safaris, a lion walk, ATVs, segways and much more. Casela Park
Domaine de l'Etoile
Photo 21. Zip-line in the park Domien L’Etoile.
The largest private nature reserve in Mauritius. Located in the eastern part of the island and covers an area of 1,200 hectares. Guests are offered a wide selection of events: zip-line (7 lines from 350 to 750 meters), ATVs, buggies, horse riding, hiking, riding a fat bike, archery.
Park La Vanille Reserve des Mascareignes
Photo 22. Crocodiles in the Vanilla park.
In the village area Riviere des anguilles in the south of Mauritius is located La Vanille Reserve des Mascareignes park. The park is home to 1000 turtles, 2000 crocodiles, monkeys, iguanas, deer, butterflies and various insects, etc. The park has a restaurant and a shop.
Aapravasi-Ghat (literally, “immigration terminal” in Hindi) is a complex of buildings located in Port Louis, the capital of Mauritius, which became the first reception center for labor migrants from British India in the British colonies. From 1849 to 1923, about half a million Indian wage laborers passed through Aapravasi Ghat, from which they then went to work on plantations throughout the British Empire. The large-scale migration of workers from India, which eventually led to the emergence of the Indian diaspora, left a huge mark on the history and culture of many former British colonies, in which Indians have since made up a large part of the population. Only in Mauritius, approximately 68% of the modern population has Indian roots. Aapravasi Ghat has thus become an important starting point in the formation of the historical and cultural identity of Mauritius itself.
Active development of infrastructure in the middle of the 20th century, however, led to the fact that today only the ruins of three stone buildings have survived from the entire complex. Now they are protected by the Government of Mauritius as a national monument, the role of Aapravasi-Ghat in the social history of the world was recognized by UNESCO in 2006, when the ruins of the complex were included in the list of World Heritage Sites. To date, the territory of the complex is managed by a special trust fund, work is underway to restore dilapidated buildings with their appearance in the 1860s.
Wiki: en: Aapravasi Ghat
This is a description of the attractions of Aapravasi Ghat near Port Louis, (Mauritius). As well as photos, reviews and a map of the surroundings. Find out the history, coordinates, where it is and how to get there. Check out other places on our interactive map, get more detailed information. Get to know the world better.
How to get there
There are no direct flights from Russia to Port Louis, so you will have to fly with a transfer. The most convenient flight option can be selected on various aggregator sites, or, for example, here. From the international airport, head northwest and follow the signs (Port Louis is on the opposite side of the island, about two hours drive).
What are the prices for vacation
You can see what prices for Port Louis hotels are offered by different sites here, but I prefer to book on booking. There are proposals for renting private apartments - more details here.
|Eating (lunch / dinner) in a reasonably priced restaurant||351 rub|
|Lunch / dinner for two, 3 course, middle class restaurant||1 928 rub|
|McMill at McDonald's or similar combo lunch||328 rub|
Previously had the name Kuli Ghat - a World Heritage Site. This is the place of liberation of slaves, mainly arrived here from India, after the abolition of slavery in 1834. This significant event is the subject of the book “The Aesthetics of Coolitude”, authored by the poet and semiotics Hal Torabulli.
Food. What to try
In Mauritius, you can easily taste the sweets of various countries, but there are also exquisite Creole dishes with curry, dishes from all over Africa, Southeast Asia and India, as well as an abundance of fresh seafood that has not been frozen or transported by plane. Here everyone will find something to feast on.
Blue Mauritius rum is a special, internationally recognized liquor.
There are also many highly regarded white rum varieties, including spices, vanilla and coffee.
Local wineries produce quality merlot.
It is also worth looking for “diamond wines” and “Lagrain” wines.
Try the award-winning Phoenix Pale Ale and the beer called spider beer.
Other fine beers: Mauritius Blue Marlin European Strong Lager, Mauritius Malta Guinness, Mauritius Guinness Foreign Extra Stout.
You can easily find many traditional and modern alcoholic drinks from Asia, Europe and Africa.
Even in Mauritius, an excellent line of fruit soft drinks is produced.
Things to do
Visit the Kodan embankment, a meeting place for teenagers and young lovers, which consists of a shopping center, a large children's store and a huge restaurant courtyard, where you can taste the food of various cuisines of the world.
If you want to get a complete picture of Mauritian life, go to the Port Louis bazaar, where you can buy various varieties of exotic food, fruits and other types of goods. There you will meet Mauritians from all over the country who come for shopping.
Shopping and shops
Port Louis is famous for its low clothing prices in Mauritius. Imported from China and India or made within the city, products sold in Port Louis do offer good value for money. You can easily buy something to your taste from a large number of street vendors located along the streets throughout the city.
How to get around the city
The city of Port Louis played a leading role in the struggle between the French and British colonization, which lasted from 1735 to 1935 and was considered during this period as “the star and the key to the Indian Ocean”.Here you can see many historical sights. Port Louis is also considered one of the best places for those who want to better know and understand the Mauritian culture and traditions.