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> About Karelia> Districts of Karelia> Loukhsky district
The largest and most northern region of Karelia. By area (22 544 sq. Km.) It is larger than Israel, but slightly smaller than Macedonia. The region occupies a unique economic and geographical position: it borders with Finland in the west, adjoins the Arctic Circle in the north, the eastern border runs along the White Sea (the coastline is more than 150 km long). It is here that the highest point of Karelia is located - Mount Nuorunen (577 m above sea level).
The population density is less than 1 person per square meter. km (the smallest in Karelia). Despite this, there are three “urban settlements” in the region (in fact, urban-type settlements) - Louhi, Chupa and Pyaozersky. Over 8 years (from 2002 to 2010), the population of the region decreased from 20,128 to 14,768.
Loukhsky district: roads and transport
The transport network is poorly developed. The Oktyabrskaya Railway (St. Petersburg-Murmansk) and a separate dead-end branch Louhi-Pyaozersky run through the district.
The main road is the Kola highway (M-18). From the village of Louhi in the western direction, to the state border, there is a road Louhi-Tungozero-Suoperya (A-136). From Tungozero it is theoretically possible to get to the center of the neighboring region of Kalevala (road A-137), but the quality of the road is very far from perfect.
A-136 road goes to the international automobile point
Pass (MAPP) “Suoperya” (Kuusamo-Suoperän rajanylityspaikka, is included in the scope of activities of Kostomuksha customs). Tel (814-59) 972-94, fax 972-95.
The main areas of economic activity of the region are logging and stone mining. Recently, fish farming and the production of aquatic biological resources have developed.
The unique location, nature reserve and favorable environmental conditions create conditions for the development of tourism in the region. In 2010, the municipal target program “Development of tourism in the Loukhsky municipal district for 2011-2015” was adopted
A characteristic feature of the region is an extremely developed hydrographic network, including thousands of lakes, hundreds of rivers and streams, many rapids and waterfalls. Lakes and rivers are rich in fish, including such valuable species as salmon, trout, whitefish.
The coast of the White Sea (the so-called Karelian coast) is exceptionally picturesque, abounding with islands, bays, capes, rocky outcrops. Here is the deep Chupa Bay, which extends deep into the land, the southernmost fjord of the Barents-Belomorsky region.
There are four protected natural territories on the territory of Loukhsky District: Paanajärvi National Park, the Arctic Circle integrated reserve (coast and islands of the White Sea), the Keretsky hunting reserve, as well as a group of small islands that are part of the Kandalaksha Reserve.
National Park "Paanajärvi", created by decree of the Government of the Russian Federation in 1992. Its area is more than 1000 square meters. km The western border coincides with the state border of Russia. From Finland, Oulanka National Park (Oulangan kansallispuisto) adjoins Paanajärvi
In addition to the already mentioned Mount Nuorunen (577 m, the highest point of Karelia), there are several mountains in the park that are among the ten highest in the republic: Lunas - 495 m, Kivakka - 499 m, Mäntiuntunturi - 550 m.
On the steep slopes of the mountains there are so-called “hanging” swamps - one of the attractions of the park.
The pearl of the territories is Lake Paanajärvi. This is a unique natural site. With a relatively modest size (24 km in length, less than 1.5 km in width), it has a depth of 128 m! This is one of the deepest small lakes in the world.
In 2010, over 5,000 tourists visited Paanajärvi.
The Arctic Circle Reserve was established in 1990 as a standard of nature in the polar part of the White Sea Region, as well as for the development of the scientific foundations of nature conservation in North Karelia when using its territory for recreation and tourism. The Arctic Circle is located on the White Sea coast with adjacent water to the border with the Murmansk region. In most of its territory, nature is distinguished by the beauty and variety of landscapes, rich flora and fauna, well adapted to the harsh polar climate.
The Belomorsk Biological Station (BBS MSU), founded in 1938, is located on the territory of the reserve. It is an educational and scientific center created for organizing and conducting marine scientific research, training specialists and conducting field student practices. BBS Moscow State University - a structural unit of the Biological Faculty of Moscow State University.
Not far from it, at the Cape Kartesh, the St. Petersburg Biological Station Kartesh of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences operates, and on Sredny Island, a biostation of St. Petersburg State University.
Attractions Louhskogo area
The grave of the famous storyteller Matvey Mikhailovich Korguev in with. Keret
Memorial sign dedicated to the completion of the construction of the Murmansk (October) railway in 1916
Holidays in Loukhsky district
Louhi Day - mistresses of the North
Fairytale ship Matvey Korguev
Fisherman's Day on Sofyangsky threshold (Sofporog village)
Geographical location and topography Edit
Loukhsky district is located in the north of the Republic of Karelia. Borders:
- in the west - with Finland (Salla communities of the Lappi region and Kuusamo region of Northern Ostrobothnia) (the length of the border section is 120 km),
- in the north - with the Kandalaksha district of the Murmansk region,
- in the south - with the Kemsky and Kalevala regions of Karelia.
In the east, the district has access to the White Sea, the length of the sea coast is about 150 km.
A small part of the region is located north of the Arctic Circle.
The territory of Loukhsky district is the largest among the districts of the Republic of Karelia. This is the only region in Karelia that extends from the White Sea to the border with Finland in the entire width of Karelia.
In the Loukhsky district there is the highest mountain in Karelia - Nuorunen (577 meters above sea level).
Ecology and nature conservation Edit
Paanajärvi National Park is located in the north-west of the Louhi region, near the Russian-Finnish border, and the Arctic Circle, the Keretsky hunting zoological reserve and the Kem-Luda conservation islands belonging to the Kandalaksha Reserve are located on the White Sea coast .
In 1784, by decree of Catherine II, the Arkhangelsk Region was separated from the Vologda Viceroyalty into an independent Arkhangelsk Viceroyalty. Then the Olonets province was transformed into Olonets governorship. Volosts located on the Karelian and Pomeranian shores of the White Sea departed for Olonets governorship. The Kemsky district was formed, where the Kemsky town, Sumy prison and the Shueretsky volost with graveyards departed.
Until 1794, the Voitsky Gold Mine was active in Kem County.
After the death of Catherine II, her son Paul I canceled the changes on December 12, 1796: renamed governorship to the province, abolished the Olonets governorship, annexing the land (including Kemsky district) again to the Arkhangelsk province.
In the 19th century, the entire north of Karelia and Pomerania belonged to the Kemsky district of the Arkhangelsk province. There were several volosts on the site of the modern Loukhsky district: Keretskaya, Kestengsky, Olangskaya, Vychetaybolskaya, Tikhtozerskaya, Ukhtinsky.
In 1914, construction began on the Murmansk Railway. In this regard, the Louhi station was founded.
The construction of the road was carried out from the north of Murmansk and from the south from Petrozavodsk. On November 3, 1916, the last crutch was laid on 537 verst Barn.
On June 8, 1920, the All-Russian Central Executive Committee issued a decree according to which the Karelian labor commune was formed as part of the RSFSR in the place of the regions inhabited by Karelians of the Olonets and Arkhangelsk provinces.
In the 1920s, exploration work unfolded in the North of Karelia. In 1922, in the Chupino-Loukhsky district, systematic extraction of feldspar raw materials, quartz, and mica began. Chupginsky mining developments "Chupgory" have opened.
Under a new administrative reform, on August 29, 1927, 26 districts were formed in the Autonomous Karelian SSR (instead of the previous 7 counties and 55 volosts), including Loukhsky and Kestengsky districts. They mainly made up the territory of the present Loukhsky district.
In 1929, the Loukhsky timber industry enterprise was formed, which in the year of its creation prepared 170 thousand cubic meters of forest.
In 1944, the authorities of the Louhi region were temporarily transferred from Louhi to Chupa, since the authorities of the Kestengsky district were located on the territory of the district center Louha (since Kestenga was severely destroyed during the fighting).
|24 715||↘ 20 128||↘ 17 056||↘ 14 760||↘ 14 674||↘ 13 948||↘ 13 324||↘ 12 872||↘ 12 431|
|↘ 12 056||↘ 11 771||↘ 11 459||↘ 11 115|
According to the forecast of the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, the population will be:
In urban conditions (the township Louhi, Piaozersky and Chupa), 69.32% of the population of the region live.
There are 30 settlements in the Loukhsky district as part of three urban and four rural settlements:
|№||Urban and rural settlements||Administrative|
|1||Loukhsky urban settlement||town Louhi||1||↘ 3867|
|2||Piaozersky urban settlement||town Piaozersky||1||↘ 1635|
|3||Chupinsky urban settlement||village Chupa||2||↘ 2203|
|4||Barn Rural Settlement||Barn village||3||↘ 928|
|5||Kesteng rural settlement||Kestenga village||9||↘ 1897|
|6||Malinovarakk rural settlement||Raspberry Varaka village||12||↘ 343|
|7||Plotinsky rural settlement||Plotina village||2||↘ 242|
|List of settlements of the district|
|1||Barn||village||↘ 606||Barn Rural Settlement|
|2||Boyarskaya||railroad station||↘ 34||Barn Rural Settlement|
|3||Sashek||village||↘ 34||Kesteng rural settlement|
|4||Karelian||village||↘ 3||Malinovarakk rural settlement|
|5||Keret||railroad station||↘ 7||Malinovarakk rural settlement|
|6||Kestenga||village||↘ 1117||Kesteng rural settlement|
|7||Kokkosalma||village||↘ 12||Kesteng rural settlement|
|8||Kotozero||railroad station||→ 0||Malinovarakk rural settlement|
|9||Kushevanda||village||→ 4||Kesteng rural settlement|
|10||Bastards||town||↘ 3867||Loukhsky urban settlement|
|11||Raspberry Warakka||village||↘ 225||Malinovarakk rural settlement|
|12||Lower Pulonga||village||↘ 40||Malinovarakk rural settlement|
|13||Nilmoguba||village||↘ 7||Malinovarakk rural settlement|
|14||Nilmozero||village||→ 0||Malinovarakk rural settlement|
|15||New Sofporog||village||→ 88||Kesteng rural settlement|
|16||Dam||village||↘ 269||Plotinsky rural settlement|
|17||Arctic Circle||railroad station||↘ 7||Malinovarakk rural settlement|
|18||Seaside||village||→ 0||Malinovarakk rural settlement|
|19||Piaozersky||town||↘ 1635||Piaozersky urban settlement|
|20||Pine||village||↘ 490||Kesteng rural settlement|
|21||Sofporog||village||↘ 243||Kesteng rural settlement|
|22||Tungozero||village||↘ 405||Kesteng rural settlement|
|23||Tuhkala||village||→ 2||Kesteng rural settlement|
|24||Tedino||village||↘ 162||Malinovarakk rural settlement|
|25||Hetolambina||village||↘ 59||Malinovarakk rural settlement|
|26||Black River||village||↘ 9||Malinovarakk rural settlement|
|27||Chkalovsky||village||↘ 60||Plotinsky rural settlement|
|28||Chupa||town||↘ 2203||Chupinsky urban settlement|
|29||Chupa||station||0||Chupinsky urban settlement|
|30||Engozero||village||↘ 537||Barn Rural Settlement|
- Head of the municipal district, Chairman of the Council - Olga Kvyatkevich
- Head of the district administration
The main industries in the area are logging, woodworking and mining.
There are 41 cultural institutions operating in the Loukhsky District, including 17 club institutions, 20 libraries, and 3 children's music schools.
There are 3 museums in the district:
- Museum of "Military Glory" p. Sosnovy,
- Local Lore Museum “Life of the Northern Karelians” at the House of Culture of Kestenga,
- Museum at the secondary school of the village of Louhi.
On the territory of the district there are monuments of historical and cultural heritage, the national park Paanajärvi, the favorite of the rafters is the Keret River. A huge number of villages and villages of the 15-18th centuries that store unique monuments of wooden architecture. specify
- On the territory of the Ambarn rural settlement, on the railway section between Boyarskaya and Ambarny stations, there is a concrete obelisk dedicated to the completion of the construction of the Murmansk railway in 1916. The obelisk was erected on November 3, 1916 at the site of the bow of the rail track.
- Keret - the abolished village in the Loukhsky district of Karelia. Located at the mouth of the Keret River on the White Sea. The emergence of Kereti belongs to the end of the XV - beginning of the XVI centuries. Here was a trade route from Pomerania to Sweden. Keret - a place of spiritual feat of St. Varlaam of Keret, who lived in the XVI century. and revered as a savior at sea. His body was buried in a village near the Church of St. George the Great Martyr. Pomors came here to honor his memory. The storyteller Matvey Korguev, a member of the Union of Writers of the USSR, holder of the Order of the Badge of Honor was born and raised in Kereti.
- Keret River in the north of Karelia (Russia), it flows through the territory of the Loukhsky region and is popular among water-tourists who come for rafting on it from different cities of Russia. The river is a chain of lakes interconnected by rapids. (thresholds of 1 - 3 categories of complexity from 400 to 3200 meters long). For everyone who wants to understand the mysterious and unique nature of the North, it is necessary to make rafting on the Keret River in the Loukhsky district. White nights, picking mushrooms and berries, fishing and access to the White Sea at the end of the route will make this trip unforgettable. When rafting along the Uksa River, rafters will see the famous "Fairytale Gate", visit the monument to the fallen soldiers of the Red Army and try their hand at the rather difficult rapids of the river.
- Paanayarvi (Finnish. Paanajärven kansallispuisto) - a state national park in the Louhi region of the Republic of Karelia, a specially protected natural area. It was formed by the Decree of the Government of Russia No. 331 dated May 20, 1992 “in order to preserve the unique natural complexes of Lake Paanajärvi and the Olanga river basin, their use in nature conservation, recreational, educational and scientific purposes. " There are several mountains in the park that are among the ten highest in Karelia: Mount Lunas - 495.4 m, Mount Kivakka - 499.5 m, Mount Mäntyuntunturi - 550.1 m. Landmark of the park: Nuorunen fjord - 576.7 m - the most high mountain in all of Karelia. On the steep slopes of the mountains there are peculiar “hanging” swamps - one of the attractions of this area. In the area of the park there are 15 large geological objects and 54 separate monuments of great scientific value.
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Church of St. Seraphim of Sarov
Louhi village is known, first of all, for the Paanajärvi National Park, located not far from the village.
A relatively small area of the park contains a huge number of truly unique ecosystems and natural zones: from the swamp to the mountain tundra.
One of the largest lakes in the North of Karelia - Loukhsky attracts fishermen and just fans of water recreation to Louhi with the opportunity to travel to the islands of this ancient witch's body of water.
The architectural attraction of Louhi is the church of Seraphim of Sarov, built not so long ago, but in the style of ancient Karelian temples.